To avoid penalising early varieties, the trial was not desiccated until all varieties had reached maturity and consequently, small grains from the secondary tillers (not fully formed) were evident in the sample causing the test weight to be lower and the screenings slightly higher (most varieties still below seven per cent). The highest yielding varieties at both sowing times were Rosalind and Fathom. Time of sowing (TOS) is another factor that can influence yield. The highest yielding varieties were Fathom, Spartacus CL and Rosalind and the lowest were Scope CL and Compass (Table 1). Protein dropped away in some varieties, but for commonly grown malt/food varieties in the region – Scope CL, Hindmarsh, La Trobe – were above nine per cent. Test weight was slightly lower in most varieties, with the only malt varieties within specification (>65kg/hl) being La Trobe, Scope CL, GrangeR, Oxford and Flinders. Required fields are marked *. Sowing Date For maximum yield, winter varieties should be sown from the end of September to early November. For the vast majority of growers, spring germinating black-grass will almost certainly have been in secondary dormancy and held in the soil profile. A question most growers would be asking is why did Compass perform so poorly? CHAIRMAN’S WELCOME I THE BIG TEN I BOARD, STAFF AND COMMITTEE I THE YEAR THAT WAS I 2016 RESEARCH SITES I SITE DESCRIPTIONS I BCG RESEARCH METHODOLOGY I GUIDELINES FOR INTERPRETING SOIL TEST RESULTS I GRAIN PRICES I PRODUCTION COSTS I ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS I WHEAT VARIETY SPECIFICATIONS I NVT WHEAT YIELD RESULTS I BARLEY VARIETY SPECIFICATIONS I NVT BARLEY YIELD RESULTS I CANOLA VARIETY SPECIFICATIONS I NVT CANOLA YIELD RESULTS I NVT PULSE YIELD RESULTS I CEREAL GROWTH STAGE CHART, Your email address will not be published. 69. In this year’s barley time of sowing trial Fathom and Spartacus CL, which are both early maturing varieties, obtained a significant yield benefit when sown earlier. Assuming Scope CL achieved malt, there really is no difference between gross income of the two varieties. See 2014 BCG Season Research Results, pp. Gross income for Spartacus CL and Scope CL using NVT long-term average yield (t/ha) and Birchip and Manangatang grain prices from 1 December 2016. Test weight was low in Commander and Compass, while protein was low (below malt grade) for malt varieties La Trobe, Scope CL and Commander. The results have shown very distinct differences in growth habit, as can be seen in the below photos. Products may be identified by
For 2015, it is important that farmers thinking of sowing spring barley familiarise themselves with the changes to CAP and the introduction of the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) and greening rules. Common problems were dark tipping and ‘bin burn’ which was discolouration that occurred in the paddock due to weather conditions. Unfortunately, it is impossible to think about spring barley drilling dates without considering black-grass and what the implications are based on timings., Managing the threat of black-grass this spring. All other varieties did not differ in their performance as a result of sowing time. Conversely, Compass suffered significant yield loss when sown early. It is very likely there will be a great deal of barley in the market place this autumn, so make every effort to ensure your crop has good plant counts, excellent spring vigour and is of high quality. 7Q 5.2 Methods and materials ..... -4 5.3 Results ..... "7 5.4 Discussion ..... o? Secondary tillers were prevalent late in the season, so the trial was desiccated before harvest to bring it in evenly. within, the authors do not warrant that the content is free from errors or omissions. The variety didn’t appear to favour or capitalise on the above average rainfall and soft finish to the season like other varieties did. When heavy rains and wind occurred in spring, significant lodging occurred in susceptible varieties during flowering and at maturity. Potato sprout suppression: CIPC fogging in 2017 and future development. Later sowing of these varieties, reduced the extent of lodging. Nitrogen applications for spring barley in England can normally be 50% applied at growth stage 11 and the remaining 50% applied 10 to 14 days later. From these six varieties, its then about choosing a variety or varieties based on attributes that will fit your farming system. Selection of the actual date should allow for soil fertility and the risk of frost damage in particular paddocks. This article will discuss the main characteristics of this culture, as well as the peculiarities of its cultivation. In terms of looking at an optimum drilling date, we should be looking at mid-March and into good seed beds; leaving us some time to achieve this work. Sowing spring barley. When sown late, Compass achieved an 0.8t/ha yield advantage, equating to an additional $112t/ha (using Feed 1 price at Dooen of $139.50 from 1 December 2016). While this may be good in the short-term, it is important to also think about a varieties long-term impacts on your farm. I believe we are just starting to see the impact, resulting in a spring flush of the grass weed. On a yearly basis, new barley varieties are released promising bigger and better yields and improved agronomic traits. In order to spread risk, consider growing varieties with different susceptibilities to certain Spartacus CL and Fathom were slightly lower yielding than expected (below the site mean). I"m tempted with dry weather but a bit wary that soil temps might be too low. One thing growers often fail to do is trial a new variety on their farm for a number of years. Keeping in mind that this is one year of data in an above average season for most regions, it is extremely important to look at the long-term variety performance. Wimmera NVT barley grain yield (% of site mean) comparing to 2016 long-term averages (2012-2016) of 22 varieties at Horsham, Brim, Minyip and Kaniva. Mallee growers, in particular, might be considering the value of replacing Scope CL with the new Spartacus CL. cost or expense incurred from relying on the information within. Another risk comes from purely chasing yield. The highest yielding variety was Rosalind which yielded significantly higher than Hindmarsh, Compass and La Trobe which were also above the site mean average (Table 1). However, significant rainfall fell in the week following planting. This was quite remarkable given that 20. Although all reasonable care has been taken in producing the reports
However, different varieties performed better when sown at specific sowing times. In terms of grain quality, test weight was very low for all varieties. This was quite remarkable given that 20th April was labelled the latest drilling date in 2018 – even more so when you consider that the country experienced drought and a significant heatwave that lasted from mid-April to mid-September in that year. Rosalind, Compass, Hindmarsh, La Trobe, Spartacus CL and Fathom are still the most consistent performing varieties long-term in the Wimmera and the Mallee. This leads to the tough decision about whether to keep your existing variety or make the switch to a new variety. The trial at Manangatang was dry sown into a pea stubble and emerged well. Delaying the date of sowing of spring‐sown barley in 1953 and wheat in 1954 from February to April increased the incidence of powdery mildew, Erysiphe graminis DC., from May onwards. ‘Delayed harvest of barley’ article page 49. Readers are responsible for assessing the relevance and accuracy of the contents of this website. Spring barley is typically sown from December until late April, with the germination rate dependent on moisture and soil temperature. For the purpose of this article, malt and feed grades have been determined based purely on The Warmur barley variety trial was sown just after rain and received a follow up rain after sowing. Note: Rosalind and Spartacus have only been in NVT trials for three years. E. M. Potterton, T. McCabe, The effect of sowing date and nitrogen rate on the grain yield, grain quality and malt analyses of spring malting barley for distilling in Ireland, The Journal of Agricultural Science, 10.1017/S002185961800059X, 156, 4, (515-527), (2018). Fathom was the highest yielding variety at this site (Table 1). The longer you delay your spring barley drilling date, the greater the opportunity you have to control black-grass with a total herbicide. If Spartacus CL achieves malt accreditation (possible date 2018) these differences would increase. Table 2. The initial yield results were interesting, with no significant difference in performance for both 2017 and 2018. Spartacus CL also achieved malt specification but as it is currently undergoing malt accreditation, was classified as feed. Thesis , CCS ,HAU,Hisar . With that in mind, it's important to really dissect the spring drilling window to get a better understanding of the potential results we're dealing with. Compass, Commander and Scope CL were the most affected. On high-clay soils, spring barley establishment can vary from 55% for Plant Breeding Institute, Trumpington, Cambridge. Wheat, barley, and oat were sown at 120, 200, and 280 seeds/m2 (about 44, 72 and 100 lbs/A) in a split plot design with NT and CT as main plots and sowing rate x cereal species combinations as subplots. In terms of grain quality, the only malt/food varieties to make malt grade were Westminster and Hindmarsh (food). Table 4. A combination of factors could have influenced the performance of Compass at most sites: Early sown crops generally grow bigger and taller which, in 2016, contributed to lodging at the grain filling stage and at maturity, resulting in head loss. In 2016 there were a lot of earlier sown crops that, due to excellent growing conditions, produced substantial biomass resulting in severe lodging during the grain filling period and at maturity. All other varieties were below 65kg/hl. And February crops were taller and produced substantial biomass Warmur barley variety trial was sown into moist... Perform so poorly, how well some longer season varieties that thrived in the Mallee ) wheat and barley dryland. About a varieties long-term impacts on your farm been prepared in good faith on the thermal conditions variety being... 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