One of them repented, but the other fellow became angry with the Patriarch and fell into greater sins. [72][73] Taking losses and worried about the loyalty of some of his governors, Basil lifted the siege and returned for Thrace but he fell into an ambush and suffered a serious defeat at the Battle of the Gates of Trajan. The Macedonian Dynasty from 976 to 1057 A.D. (717–867)", «Un altro cielo»: l'imperatore Basilio II e le arti, Observations on Basil II as Patron of the Arts, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basil_II&oldid=997514684, Byzantine people of the Arab–Byzantine wars, Byzantine people of the Byzantine–Bulgarian Wars, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Use shortened footnotes from October 2018, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with incomplete citations from September 2020, Articles with failed verification from September 2020, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Bulgarian commentator Alexander Kiossev wrote in, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 22:08. [74][34], While Basil was distracted with internal rebellions and recovering the military situation on his eastern frontier, Samuel had extended his rule from the Adriatic Sea to the Black Sea, recovering most of the territory that was controlled by Bulgaria before the invasion of Svyatoslav. [82] Samuel avoided capture through the valor of his son Gabriel. If the owner of an estate could prove that he claimed his estate prior to the Novels of Romanos, he would be allowed to keep it. Macedonian emperor longest reigning emperor 976-1025 . 4. The Merciful SOULS 115. He had light-blue eyes, strongly arched eyebrows, luxuriant side whiskers—which he had a habit of rolling between his fingers when deep in thought or angry—and in later life a scant beard. Basil II was returning to Constantinople after four years of campaigning against the Bulgarians. And it is hardly surprising: Basil was ugly, dirty, coarse, boorish, philistine and almost pathologically mean. Delivery & Pickup Options - 78 reviews of Thai Basil II "I was craving for Thai curry so we decided to find a Thai restaurant on GPS and this place came up. [22] Basil's father crowned him as co-emperor on 22 April 960,[3] and his brother Constantine (born 960 or 961, eventually to rule as sole emperor Constantine VIII in 1025–1028) in 962 or 963. Then your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High; for He is kind to the ungrateful and wicked. In 1001, after the death of David of Tao, Basil inherited Tao, Phasiane, and Speri. He had learned from his mistakes at the Battle at the Gates of Trajan and now Vidin and all of Thessaly, Macedonia, Moesia and Western Bulgaria was under Roman rule. 18 Comments. At the end of Basil II's reign, the Byzantine Empire had a population of approximately 12 million people. Exhaust them with unjust exactions, to keep them busied with their own affairs. Basil then oversaw the stabilization and expansion of the eastern frontier of the Byzantine Empire and the complete subjugation of the First Bulgarian Empire, its foremost European foe, after a prolonged struggle. [34], In 1000, a ten-year truce was concluded between the two states. Vladimir offered to evacuate Chersonesos and to supply 6,000 of his soldiers as reinforcements to Basil. He was in short deeply un-Byzantine. Bringas tried to bring in troops to stop his rival's advance, but the capital's populace supported Nikephoros. The Eastern Roman Empire aka The Byzantine Empire occupied Bulgaria during Basil II rule and then around 200 years later Bulgaria had a revival where the Bulgarian Ruler Kaloyan was actually titled during his lifetime The Romanslayer. Basil in Ulft is the place to be for beautiful bicycle baskets. [43], Basil was a very successful soldier on horseback and through his achievement he proved himself to be an able general and a strong ruler. Merciful Servant. The Merciful SOULS 113. Kedrenos reports that Tzoul was captured and the Khazar successor kingdom was destroyed. The Eastern Roman Empire aka The Byzantine Empire occupied Bulgaria during Basil II rule and then around 200 years later Bulgaria had a revival where the Bulgarian Ruler Kaloyan was actually titled during his lifetime The Romanslayer. He burned his camp and retreated to Damascus without battle. The throne went to two generals, Nikephoros Phokas (r. 963–969) then John Tzimiskes (r. 969–976), before Basil became senior emperor. Other Byzantine forces restored much of Southern Italy, which had been lost during the previous 150 years. He and his brother Constantine[note 4] were named as co-rulers before their father Romanos II died in 963. St. Thomas Aquinas lists three effects which flow from the virtue of charity, namely, joy, peace and mercy (II II, 28). His unexpected death was commonly thought at the time to be the result of poisoning with hemlock;[27] the chroniclers Leo the Deacon and John Skylitzes imply that Theophano was responsible,[14] and according to Skylitzes, she had been complicit in an earlier attempt by Romanos II to poison Constantine VII. On 29 July 1014, in the Battle of Kleidion, he and his general Nikephoros Xiphias outmaneuvered the Bulgarian army,[81] which was defending one of the fortified passes. Olivia is a small and slender tan mouse. Although the titular emperor Roman of Bulgaria was captured in 991, Basil lost Moesia to the Bulgarians. We are concerned here only with the third effect. Basean Plane 8. [81], Bulgaria fought on for four more years, its resistance fired by Basil's cruelty, but it submitted in 1018. Basil II the Bulgar Slayer in his Menologion For many who have committed crimes in Byzantium, being imprisoned was a common punishment but for heretics, or those who have created false teachings on religious doctrines which are against the church teachings, their punishment was usually exile or house arrest to avoid spreading their false teachings. ed. Despite the almost constant wars, Basil's reign was considered an era of relative prosperity for the class. In 1016, Byzantine armies in conjunction with Mstislav of Chernigov attacked the Crimea,[34] much of which had fallen under the control of the Khazar successor kingdom of George Tzoul based at Kerch. 3 … Blessed are the Merciful By Father Paul A. Duffner, O.P. [95], Several attempts to negotiate the conflict failed. Psellos describes the defeated Skleros giving Basil the following advice, which he took to heart: "Cut down the governors who become over-proud. Samuel was struck down by the sight of his blinded army and died two days later[33] on 6 October 1014 after suffering a stroke. If you describe God or a person in a position of authority as merciful, you mean that they show kindness and forgiveness to people. When his father died in 963 Basil and his younger brother Constantine were still very young. We can only hope the court is merciful. Despite near-constant warfare, Basil distinguished himself as an administrator, reducing the power of the great land-owning families who dominated the Empire's administration and military, filling its treasury, and leaving it with its greatest expanse in four centuries. Further Reading on Basil II. Aleppo / Sa'ad al-Dawla 2. Samuel was forced into an almost entirely defensive stance; he extensively fortified the passes and routes from the coastlines and valleys held by the Byzantines to the territory remaining in his possession. Bulgaria had been partly subjugated by John I after the invasion of Svyatoslav I of Kiev but parts of the country had remained outside Byzantine control under the leadership of Samuel and his brothers. [100] Basil was popular with the country farmers,[101] the class that produced most of his army's supplies and soldiers. [126], Basil II's reign is one of the most significant in Byzantine history. In this illuminated church calendar the eremitic desert or a cityscape suggests a saint’s occupation. Psellos also states that Basil was not an articulate speaker and had a loud laugh that convulsed his whole frame. [103] In 1002, Basil also introduced the allelengyon tax[104] as a specific law obliging the dynatoi (wealthy landholders) to cover for the arrears of poorer tax-payers. 88. [107][108] Despite his attempts to control the power of the aristocracy, they again took control of the government following his death. LAST TEN DAYS OF RAMADAN. By 987, Samuel had eliminated Aron. [23][24] Only two days after the birth of his youngest child Anna,[25][26] Romanos II died on 15 March 963 at 24 years of age. Psellos describes him as a stocky man of shorter-than-average stature who nevertheless was an impressive figure on horseback. Although Polyeuctus, the patriarch of Constantinople, disapproved of the marriage, the Church declared it to be valid. Welcome to my channel. Hello everyone. 2. For most of them life was gay and colourful, and if the city's defensive fortifications were at some points in disrepair they had no cause to dread attacks. [98][note 6] According to one estimate, a Byzantine landowning farmer might expect a profit of 10.2 nomismata after paying dues for half of his best-quality land. The courtier and historian Michael Psellos, who was born towards the end of Basil's reign, gives a description of Basil in his Chronographia. The Macedonian Dynasty from 867 to 976 A.D. (717–867)", "Chapter IV. The manuscript provided an important source to iconographers 1. [128] Basil's creation of the Varangian Guard provided him and his successors with an elite mercenary force capable of changing battle outcomes and boosting morale that became feared by the emperor's enemies. The Byzantine civil wars had weakened the Empire's position in the east, and the gains of Nikephoros II and John I had nearly been lost to the Fatimid Caliphate. [45] At the start of his reign, the failures of his immediate predecessors left Basil II with a serious problem; Bardas Skleros and Bardas Phokas, members of the wealthy military elite of Anatolia, had sufficient means to undertake open rebellion against his authority. Basil is seen as a Greek national hero but as a despised figure among Bulgarians. Samuel and his son Gabriel narrowly escaped capture. [140], Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty, Replicated depiction of Basil II from the, Church of St. John the Theologian, Constantinople. It's been a long time since my last video. Basil II. The Byzantines were also involved in a relentless war with the Bulgarians, limiting their actions to the west. [70], Basil sought to restore former territories of the Byzantine Empire. This victory over the Bulgarians and the later submission of the Serbs fulfilled one of Basil's goals; the Empire regained its ancient Danubian frontier for the first time in 400 years. [129], At this time, the Macedonian Renaissance was taking effect, seeing the rise of classical scholarship being assimilated into Christian art and the study of ancient philosophy. [7][8] Basil is described as having ascetic tastes and caring little for the pomp and ceremony of the Imperial court, typically wearing a sombre, dark-purple robe furnished with few of the gems that usually decorated imperial costumes. Bagrat's son George I, however, inherited a longstanding claim to David's succession. Although his successors were largely incapable rulers, the Empire flourished for decades after Basil's death. After winning a series of battles, the rebels conquered Asia Minor. 1. The campaign ended without combat[52] when Skleros was forced to surrender to Basil in 989. A bloody battle was fought near the village Shirimni at Lake Palakazio on September 11; the emperor won a costly victory, forcing George I to retreat northwards into his kingdom. [69] Al-Hakim's persecution of Christians in his realm and especially the 1009 destruction of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre at his orders strained relations and, along with Fatimid interference in Aleppo, provided the main focus of Fatimid–Byzantine diplomatic relations until the late 1030s. Good general accounts in English are in George Ostrogorsky, History of the Byzantine State (1940; trans. [71], Because the Bulgars had been raiding Byzantine lands since 976, the Byzantine government sought to cause dissension among them by allowing the escape of their captive emperor Boris II of Bulgaria. ... Saint Basil the Great (4th century) says that the veneration of sacred images is based on Revelation coming from the Apostolic Tradition. The Merciful SOULS 114. Basil's troops raided as far as Baalbek, placed a garrison at Shaizar,[65] and burnt three minor forts in the vicinity of Abu Qubais, Masyath, and 'Arqah. Al-Aziz now prepared to take to the field in person against the Byzantines and initiated large-scale preparations but they were abandoned upon his death. Be accessible to no-one. [56] At first, Basil hesitated. Skopje surrendered shortly after the battle,[29] and Basil treated its governor Romanos with overt kindness. [111] Many of these children became his soldiers and officers, taking the places of their fathers. the Evangelist) at the Hebdomon Palace complex outside the walls of Constantinople. Ours Patron Saint. 955). Thank you my friend:) I really appreciate that! Although dried is more concentrated than fresh, dried basil does not have the same taste; the dehydrating process draws out more of the mint flavor and less of the anise. Il suo sguardo pietoso e di infinita misericordia esprimeva il più puro amore. In the early years of his reign, administration remained in the hands of Basil Lekapenos. I'd heard the veracity is disputed and is possibly apocryphal. 13 Comments. His merciful and endlessly compassionate look expressed the purest love. Bringas fled, leaving his post to Lekapenos, and on 16 August 963 Nikephoros Phokas was crowned emperor. [11] The modern historian John Julius Norwich wrote of Basil; "No lonelier man ever occupied the Byzantine throne. [58], Once the internal strife was quelled, Basil turned his attention to the Empire's other enemies. He was accounted a merciful man. I think my uncle's death was a merciful release for my poor aunt. Basil II was the eldest son of Romanus II, grandson of Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus and great-grandson of Romanus I Lecapenus. Merciful Servant. The Merciful SOULS 116. Basil I, called the Macedonian (Greek: Βασίλειος ὁ Μακεδών, Basíleios ō Makedṓn; 811 – August 29, 886), was a Byzantine Emperor who reigned from 867 to 886. [29] In 987–988, a seven-year truce with the Fatimids was signed; it stipulated an exchange of prisoners, the recognition of the Byzantine emperor as protector of Christians under Fatimid rule and of the Fatimid Caliph as protector of Muslims under Byzantine control, and the replacement of the name of the Abbasid caliph with that of the Fatimid caliph in the Friday prayer in the mosque at Constantinople. ... King Hetum II favored union for support but lower cleregy and people refused. With it, Nikephoros secured his legitimacy and became the guardian of Romanos' sons. [29] The defection of Dyrrhachium completed the isolation of Samuel's core territories in the highlands of western Macedonia. [34], In late 1021, Basil, at the head of a large Byzantine army reinforced by the Varangian Guard, attacked the Georgians and their Armenian allies, recovering Phasiane and continuing beyond the frontiers of Tao into inner Georgia. Basil plundered the country and withdrew for winter to Trebizond. [139] The Normans permanently pushed the Byzantines from Southern Italy in April 1071.