Many such rivers meander through a web of islands at the river delta, and bring along a huge amount of sediment in the form of mud, clay and sand. Starting around 16 million years ago in the Miocene, and continuing into the present, a large part of the North American Plate has been stretched by being pulled apart. This body of water is full of complex habitats that need to be protected. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. A low-lying area on the Earth's surface in which thick layers of sediment have accumulated. On the previous page, we saw that the idea of carrying capacity is closely related to the idea of sustainability. b. Learn. a round container attached to the wall in a bathroom, where you wash your hands and face SYN sink a wash basin 2 a large bowl-shaped container for liquids or food Fill the basin with the cake mixture. An artesian basin is a low-lying region where groundwater is cramped under pressure from surrounding layers of rock. Basins form through tectonic processes, especially … Match. A basin is a hollow or depression in the earth’s surface, wholly or partly surrounded by higher land such as a river basin. All the land drained by a river and its branches. Most basins, however, are drainage basins with rivers bringing their water into the sea. STUDY. Terms in this set (14) Drainage Basin - an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries- source, mouth, tributary, confluence, water shed. The Amazon and the Mississippi river systems are like this. [2] Geologists call this region the Basin and Range Province. Basins are formed by forces above the ground (like erosion) or below the ground (like earthquakes). The geography of the San Francisco Bay has changed dramatically due to human activity in the 19th and 20th centuries, for instance. Bays can be found all around the world. When combined, the two make up basin … They showed us their hidden, rock-basin mountain lake a mile from town, and we repaired pipelines so the town once again had gravity-fed water. Tectonic activity is responsible for such phenomena as earthquakes and volcanoes. Structural basins are formed by tectonic activity. Structural basins for… Some basins are bowl-shaped while others are elongate. The definition of a shallow container which will hold liquids such as water, or a shallow, bowl-shapped depression on land filled with water, or when rock layers all tilt away from a center area. The strata which form are quite different from inland basin lakes. Geograhy Terms and Definitions Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. It is often below sea level. In the eastern Mediterranean the mean depth is nearly the same as in the western basin. A basin is a container that holds water and is used for washing, but you probably just call it your bathroom sink. A kidney-shaped basin is commonly used as an emesis receptacle. A round, wide, shallow container, as for holding water to wash in. A wide, depressed area in which the rock layers all incline toward a central area. We will explore an extraordinary body of water called a bay. basin: 1 a receptacle for collecting or holding fluids. Because the basin is low-lying, it collects sediment. BSL Geography Glossary - Catchment Area/Drainage Basin - definition. A washbowl; a sink. Spell. A geological basin is a large low-lying area. An open, shallow, usually round container used especially for holding liquids. Other terms that are used to describe a basin are: drainage basin, catchment, catchment area, catchment basin, drainage area, river basin, water basin, endorheic basin and watershed.[5]. Geology. Drainage basin, also called catchment area, or (in North America) watershed, area from which all precipitation flows to a single stream or set of streams. b. All Rights Reserved. 3. a. Some basins, such as the Great Basin, do not drain to the sea. Open System – is a system that transfers both matter and energy can cross its boundary to the surrounding environment. Floods or lakes may form with no outlet to the sea. During the California Gold Rush of the 1850s and 1860s, miner s in Northern California dumped tons of material into the … Tectonic activity is the movement of large pieces of the Earths crust, called tectonic plates. rock-basin: In physical geography , a basin or hollow in a rock. Flashcards. a partially enclosed, sheltered area along a shore, often partly man-made or dredged to a greater depth, where boats may be moored: a yacht basin. The area where this happens is called a Catchment Area. River basins have typical features, these include: Tributary – a smaller river or stream flowing into a larger river. The smallest basin is the fault block basin (graben), which is typical of basin-and-range terrain. The geology is of interest to oil prospectors, hydrologists and palaeontologists. A small enclosed or partly enclosed body of water. The basin of a river or body of water is the land that surrounds it and the streams that flow into it. Flo_Ss. a natural or artificial hollow place containing water. Our American King. There are no inputs or outputs.The drainage basin hydrological system is a local open system. A region drained by a single river system. This is known as the global hydrological cycle. A basin is also a sheltered area of water deep enough for boats, or an area of land that is lower … [3][4] Evaporation occurs; more sediment arrives, and so on. Geology of National Parks. She ignored his question and turned away, moving to a small basin of water. This system is a closed system. PLAY. The Great Basin region has numerous fault block basins and intervening ranges. River basin definition: A river basin is the area of land from which all the water flows into a particular river. The water may drain into underground aquifers, or evaporate to form salt lakes. Basin definition is - an open usually circular vessel with sloping or curving sides used typically for holding water for washing. It was that day his ma and her husband took us up in Governor's Basin for a picnic. Physical Geography - Drainage Basin. Any shallow, rounded hollow or depression, often containing water, as a pond. A river basin sends all the water that falls within it to a central river, and from there to the ocean. A confluence – where a river joins another river. Geological basins are one of the two most common places … They can be created over thousands of years or almost overnight. Water does not come into or leave planet earth. Harris, Ann G.; Tuttle, Esther; Tuttle, Sherwood D. 1997. Resilience is a property of systems related to how a system responds to a disturbance or stressor. Definition: When rain falls on an area of land, the water travels downhill and typically collects into a lake or travels on through a river. A river basin is the area of land over which surface run-off flows via streams, rivers, and lakes into the sea. The type of rocks which form there tell about the palaeoclimate of the continent. He retrieved her glass from the basin of the sink and poured her more wine. A drainage basin is the area of land that it drained by a river and its tributaries. [1]p611 The result has been the creation of a large and still-growing region of relatively thin crust; the region grew an average of 1 inch (2.5 cm) per year initially and then slowed to 0.3 inches (0.76 cm) per year in the last 5 million years. The land area that is drained by a river and its tributaries. It includes water found in the water table and su… In geography, a basin is a particular region of the world where the earth's surface is lower than in other places. An artificially enclosed area of a river or harbor designed so that the water level remains unaffected by tidal changes. A geological basin is a large low-lying area. 2 term used to describe the shape of the pelvis. An example of a basin is a container in which laundry can be handwashed. A drainage basin is the area of land that it drained by a river and its tributaries. A small body of water that is artificially enclosed. To understand resilience with more precision, we need to first understand the concept of a system state. An open, shallow, usually round container used especially for holding liquids. How to use basin in a sentence. The natural processes of weathering and erosion also contribute to forming structural basins. Pulling forces causes rock at depth to stretch like silly putty and rock closer to the surface to break along normal faults into downfallen basins called grabens. geologic history of London In London: Geologic foundation The London Basin is a wedge-shaped declivity bounded to the south by the chalk of North Downs, running north to south, and to the north by the chalk outcrop of the Chiltern Hills, running up in a northeasterly direction from the Goring Gap. Water is continuously transferred between the atmosphere and the oceans. Vertical displacement along the faults (normal faulting) creates the basin. A river basin is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries. They are often a source of valuable oil. Some basins are bowl-shaped while others are elongate. Open and Closed Systems. This page was last changed on 15 January 2021, at 22:21. They showed us their hidden, rock-basin mountain lake a mile from town, and we repaired pipelines so the town once again had gravity-fed water. A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water. Drainage Density Write. https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basin_(geology)&oldid=7272375, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. river basin in Geography topic. 2. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. sin (bā′sĭn) n. 1. a. Here we’re going to explore another closely related idea: resilience. 3 (also basinful /ˈbeɪsənfʊl/) the amount of liquid that a basin can contain a basin of hot water 4 Drainage basin (hydrology), a topographic region in which all water drains to a common area Endorheic basin, a closed topographic low area with no drainage outlet Impact basin, a large impact crater Retention basin, stormwater runoff to prevent flooding and downstream erosion which includes a … Our planet is often viewed as a closed system. Closed System – is a system that transfers energy, but not matter, across its boundary to the surrounding environment. An example of a basin isthe Nashville Basin in Tennessee where all of the rock strata angle down and away from Nashville. Gravity. For example, the total area drained by the Mississippi River constitutes its drainage basin, whereas that part of the Mississippi River drained by the Ohio River is the Ohio’s drainage basin. Geological basins are one of the two most common places inland which collect sediment (the other is lakes). | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Most ecosystems are example of open systems. The amount that such a vessel can hold. In rough terms, the more resilient a system is, the larger a disturbance it can handle. Test. It is beautifully situated in the centre of a valley basin on a plateau 3500 ft. Definition - What does River Basin mean? A great hollow in the earth's surface filled by an ocean. 5th ed, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing. The western Mediterranean is cut off by a bank crossing the narrow strait between Sicily and Cape Bon, usually known as the Adventure Bank, on which the depth is nowhere 200 fathoms. An example of a basin is the Amazon Basin where the Amazon River and all its branches and tributaries drain. Let's grab our life jackets and hop on an imaginary boat together! A low-lying area on the Earth's surface in which thick layers of sediment have accumulated. A drainage basin is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries (river system). 4. A bay is Created by. A broad tract of land in which the rock strata are tilted toward a common center. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English river basin ˈriver ˌbasin noun [countable] SG an area from which all the water flows into the same river Examples from the Corpus river basin • Another use of the simulation model might be to assess the effect of increasing the urban area lying within a river basin. A system’s state is the general configuratio… A body of water that is connected to the sea and is partially or almost completely enclosed by land. The mean depth of the western basin is estimated at 881 fathoms, and the deepest sounding recorded is 2040 fathoms. an area in which the strata dip from the margins toward a common center. Watershed definition watershed: areaof land draining into a river networkconverging to an outlet the area of the watershed is delimited by the topographic (=drainage) divide outlined on a topographic map Hydrology –Basin characteristics –Autumn Semester 2017 3