Reimu Hakurei then quickly strikes his head with her rod. Inspiration for the Monkey King's origins predate the novel and can be traced back both to the Monkey-God, Hanuman, from the Hindu epic, the Ramayana as well as from the Song dynasty. Then the Jade Emperor dispatches celestial soldiers to arrest Sun Wukong, but no one succeeds. Sun Wukong is born from a magic stone that sits atop Mount Huaguo. Sun Wukong. The Jade Emperor's next attempt has him appoint the monkey as guardian of the heavenly peach garden tended by Xi Wangmu. Tong, Yue, Shuen-fu Lin, Larry James Schulz, and Chengẻn Wu. He’s one of the strongest fictional characters ever written. Any one of these items would be enough to make an ordinary humanoid immortal, and combined they render the Monkey King almost invincible, such that even the gods could not execute him. Out of options, the Jade Emperor told Buddha what had happened and begged him to intervene. Second, some of them translate some names incorrectly. The rocks form a mountain on top of Sun Wukong. https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Journey_to_the_West. He was. [11] The events of the Xiyoubu take place between the end of chapter 61 and the beginning of chapter 62 of Journey to the West. Being immortal in 4–5 different ways: 2. "Journey to the West." Given the nature of words in JttW, that's a explanation. Mythopedia. With that Sun Wukong awakes back in the forest, realizing all the years of teaching had taken place in some form of compressed time trance. Sun Wukong thanks the Dragon Kings and leaves happy. Sun Wukong immediately leapt through the waterfall and traveled up the stream to find its source. “What crime is there that you have not committed?” the Jade Emperor’s outraged minions reproach Sun Wukong. They report the stone monkey, and that the light is dying down as the monkey eats and drinks. He was promised that it was a good position to have, and that he, at least in this section, would be in the highest position. The Jade Emperor and the authorities of Heaven appeal to the Buddha, who arrives from his temple in the West. Prior to joining the Jade Emperor’s court, he lorded over a group of wandering monkeys who took care of him and regarded him as their leader. Sun Wukong later single-handedly defeated the Army of Heaven’s 100,000 Eternal warriors - each fight an equivalent of a cosmic embodiment, including all 28 astral entities of the constellations, Four Heavenly Kings, and Nezha (the son of the Jade Emperor’s top general) who proved himself worthy - and proved himself equal to the best of Heaven’s generals, Erlang Shen. How powerful is Sun Wukong? He takes the throne and calls himself Handsome Monkey King. In Japan, he is known as Son Goku. He persuades the other monkeys to jump in also, and they make it into their home. Upon his return to the mountain, he demonstrates the new weapon to his monkey tribe and draws the attention of other beastly powers, who seek to ally with him. He quickly realized that because he was a monkey, the other gods would never see him as a peer. ‘I won't learn it then,’ Wukong said. It is believed that by eating Tang Sanzang's flesh, one will obtain immortality and great power. He tricked Yan Wang into allowing him to return to earth without undergoing reincarnation. For Pu Songling's story, see, Naming the demon kings is difficult (as are many other things in Journey to the West). Sun Wukong is featured as a character in the video games Sonson, Marvel vs. Capcom 2: New Age of Heroes, League of Legends, and Warriors Orochi. Sun Wukong then acquires the Golden-banded staff Ruyi Jingu Bang/Ding Hai Shen Zhen (如意金箍棒/定海神针), the stabilizer of the Four Seas and a treasure of Ao Guang, the dragon-king of the Eastern Seas. On hearing that Dragon Kings possess many treasures, and in search of a weapon, he travels to the oceans and finds the palace of a Dragon King. Sun Wukong steps on it and is seemingly defenseless. Later, whenever Sun Wukong is asked about his powers and skills, he gives an honest answer when saying that he learned it all in his dreams. Jade Emperor is a title used by multiple people throughout the story. While serving as the guardian, Wukong does not hesitate to eat the peaches, thus granting him immortality and the abilities that come with the peaches. After discovering it was, in actuality, one of the lowest jobs in Heaven, he became angry, smashed the entire stable, set the horses free, and then quit. He leaps and flies to the end of the world. Filled with curiosity about the pills, Wukong eats a gourd of them. Yang, Lihui, Deming An, and Jessica Anderson. Then the Jade Emperor dispatches celestial soldiers to arrest Sun Wukong, but no one succeeds. Hahahahahahaha, sorry this is the first time I encounter a question regarding ancient Chinese folk stories lol. The Monkey King's origin story includes the wind blowing on a stone, whereas Hanuman, the Hindu Monkey-God, is the son of the God of Wind. Viewing this promotion as yet another insult, Wukong decided that enough was enough. Sun Wukong is a demigod and one of the most powerful beings that reside on Earth. [4], One of the most enduring Chinese literary characters, the Monkey King has a varied background and colorful cultural history. In the legend, he is known as the greatest warrior god of heaven and the only deity in the pantheon powerful enough to fight Sun Wukong to a stalemate. Gold Star advises the Jade Emperor formally recognize Sun Wukong's title, knowing that it will greatly please the Monkey King, but to simply consider him as a pet, bringing him back to Heaven and so ensuring he causes no trouble on earth. Eventually, a traveling monk named Tang Sanzang found the Monkey King and offered to release him on the condition that he would repent and become the monk’s disciple. When wind blows on the egg, it turns into a stone monkey that can already crawl and … He may have also been influenced by local folk religion from Fuzhou province, where people were worshiping Monkey Gods, long before the novel made the character a household name. The Court of Heaven finds out what Wukong has done and a battle to capture Wukong ensues. Zhu Bajie claimed that Sun Wukong has 72 lifes because Sun Wukong "has the 72 bianhua". In the legend, he is known as the greatest warrior god of heaven and the only deity in the pantheon powerful enough to fight Sun Wukong to a stalemate. The Dragon Kings and the Kings of Hell report him once again to the Jade Emperor.[4]. In Japan, he is known as Son Goku. Traditionally it is depicted as a metal circlet with two striped feathers attached to the front, presumably the signature plumage of the Fenghuang or Chinese phoenix. The Buddha made a bet with Sun Wukong that he (Sun Wukong) could not escape from his (Buddha's) palm. [2] In the novel, he is a monkey born from a stone who acquires supernatural powers through Taoist practices. The Heavens are reluctantly forced to recognize his title, after Gold Star advises the highly offended Jade Emperor against rushing into military action to kill the 'brash, rude and imprudent' monkey, counseling that resorting to force to subdue monkey would be good if they succeed, but asks to consider if they fail, which would harm the reputation of Heaven. There is no possible crossover between the two that would be consistent with both sets of source material. Sun knows transformations, which allows him to transform into various animals and objects; he has trouble, however, transforming into other people, because he is unable to complete the transformation of … His feats are: 1. After seven years of training with the sage, Wukong gains the secret formula to immortality. : A Look at the Origins of the Monkey Hero Sun Wukong, Beyond the Question of the Monkey Imposter: Indian Influence on the Chinese novel The Journey to the West, "China's new Monkey King set for journey into space", "From Sun Wukong to Son Goku: Mythology in Graphic Novels – The Graphic Novel", "Monkey King: Hero is Back is not the groundbreaking experience it could have been", Monkey King Thrice Beats White-Skeleton Demon, Doraemon: The Record of Nobita's Parallel Visit to the West, Journey to the West: Conquering the Demons, Journey to the West: The Demons Strike Back, Journey to the West – Legends of the Monkey King, Griever: An American Monkey King in China, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monkey_King&oldid=998448328, Fictional characters who can duplicate themselves, Fictional characters who can move at superhuman speeds, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles using Infobox character with multiple unlabeled fields, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Vietnamese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles containing Malay (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles containing Indonesian-language text, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This happiness wouldn't last. Warrior, rebel, trickster, monk, Sun Wukong is known by many titles in the East, yet it was a Journey to the West that made him a hero. He’s one of the strongest fictional characters ever written. Sun Wukong was given this position by the Jade Emperor after his first intrusion into Heaven. Sun Wukong is a magical monkey who was born from a stone. [8], His inspiration might have also come from the White Monkey legends from the Chinese Chu kingdom (700–223 BC), which revered gibbons. Sun Wukong would play servant to no one—least of all a human. For other uses, see, "Qi Tian Da Sheng" redirects here. Sun also knows the 72 Earthly transformations, which allow him to transform into various animals and objects. The Jade Emperor has no choice but to appoint him to be the guardian of the heavenly peach garden. The Jade Emperor has no choice but to appoint him to be the guardian of the heavenly peach garden. The Jade Emperor believes him to be nothing special. Troubled that the balance of life was being upset by a mere monkey, Yan Wang appealed to the Jade Emperor for assistance. Then the Jade Emperor dispatches celestial soldiers to arrest Sun Wukong, but no one succeeds. The group encounters a series of eighty-one tribulations before accomplishing their mission and returning safely to China. He also made an enormous banner to taunt the Emperor. Rain deformed some of the figures, which gave rise to human sickness and physical abnormalities. In addition to taking the magical staff, the Monkey King encourages the Dragon King to gift him attire fit for a King. Huntring is a shoe maker , so i'd trust his knowledge about chinese stories . Dan Xia Da Sheng (丹霞大聖) - The Red Face Monkey Sage As an ever-growing archive, our mission is to catalog the world’s mythology on the web for all to enjoy. with only his head and hands (kept-apart) protruding from the base of the mountain, List of media adaptations of Journey to the West, Indigenous or Foreign? The Dragon King calls upon the other major Dragon Kings for assistance to source this for Sun Wukong, and they arrive and give Sun Wukong a golden chain mail shirt (鎖子黃金甲), a phoenix-feather cap (鳳翅紫金冠 Fèngchìzǐjinguān), and cloud-walking boots (藕絲步雲履 Ǒusībùyúnlǚ). He immediately gets distracted by the aroma of the wine and decides to steal and drink it. Privacy Policy, https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Journey_to_the_West, https://www.britishcouncil.org/voices-magazine/monkey-king-worlds-most-popular-superhero, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monkey_King, https://mythopedia.com/chinese-mythology/gods/sun-wukong/. Angered by this, Wukong rebels and the Havoc in Heaven begins. In the tale of Journey to the West, he assists the Zhou army in defeating the Shang. When the Monkey King tries to escape the palm, Buddha turns his hand and brings down a rockfall, sending Sun Wukong hurtling back down to earth. Subhuti later advises Sun Wukong never to needlessly show off his skills, for to do may encourage others to ask him to teach them. Sun Wukong (onyomi: Son Gokū) is one of Sanzang's famous traveling disciples in Journey to the West. He comes ashore and wanders around. The Jade Emperor has no choice but to appoint him to be the guardian of the heavenly peach garden. All these methods that Sun Wukong uses to achieve immortality were indeed successful. Trapp, James. To prove his trail, he marks a pillar with a phrase declaring himself the Great Sage Equal to Heaven (and in some versions, urinates on a pillar ). This was not enough for the Monkey King, however, who truly believed that he was the Jade Emperor’s equal. The Jade Emperor’s name consists of the Chinese characters yù (玉), meaning “jade,” and dì (皇), meaning “emperor.” However, the Jade Emperor has many other names and titles as well. Reimu Hakurei successfully hits Sun Wukong, but her rod is broken and Sun Wukong is unharmed again. With all of their options exhausted, the Jade Emperor and the authorities of Heaven appealed to the Buddha, who arrived from his temple in the West. Upon hearing about the irascible demon of Mount Huaguo, the Jade Emperor felt the best way to subdue Wukong was to let him live in Heaven with the other gods so that he would feel a sense of importance. He forms a fraternity with the Bull Demon King (牛魔王), the Saurian Demon King (蛟魔王), the Single-horned Demon King (单角魔王), the Roc Demon King (鵬魔王), the Lion Spirit King (獅狔王), the Macaque Spirit King (獼猴王) and the snub-nosed monkey Spirit King (禺狨王). The Monkey King waits outside the entrance for many months, refusing to leave. After several failed attempts at execution, Sun Wukong is locked into Laozi's eight-way trigram Crucible, for 49 days, in-order to be distilled-down into an elixir (so that Laozi could regain his pills of longevity) by samadhi fires. In the notable last execution, Wukong has placed inside Laozi's furnace in hopes that he will be distilled into the pills of the immortality elixir. The Jade Emperor sent a battalion of soldiers to arrest Wukong for his insolence, but they proved to be no match for him. Sun Wukong is not the noblest of heroes. The peaches in the garden bear fruit every 3,000 years, and eating its flesh will bestow immortality, so Sun Wukong eats one and becomes more powerful and near-matchless. As the celestial bureaucracy tries to bring him in line, he sounds like a powerful warlord testing the limits of an earthly emperor. During all of these scenarios, all characters are in character and have standard equipment. "In an effort to better control the Monkey-King, the Jade Emperor awarded him a title, but when Sun Wukong discovered his new position was little more than “stable boy” he grew angry and declared himself “Great Sage, Equal of Heaven,” and waged war on the heavens. He prided himself on his immortality, strength, and stature as the Handsome Monkey King. Once again, however, Wukong defeated them all. After being released from the mountain he was trapped under for 500 years, Wukong serves as the monk's bodyguard throughout his journey. Any disagre… Sun Wukong then proceeds to destroy the crucible and makes his way to Heaven's main chamber, to confront the Jade Emperor and his senior advisers. Sun Wukong and the Jade Emperor. In his youth, Sun Wukong gained leadership of the monkey tribes, learned secret arts and spells from a Taoist monk, and acquired the legendary Ruyi Jingu Bang from Ao Kuang, a staff that could change size according to his whim. Sun Wukong is the main protagonist of Monkey King: Elements of Destiny. Through his noble deeds and dedication to Tang’s teachings, Sun Wukong eventually achieved enlightenment and put an end to his angry, greedy and envious tendencies. He is at times selfish, at times unpredictable, and at all times mischievous. He wasn't a Buddha at the point you're referring to tho, albeit comparable in terms of power. The original adventures of Sun Wukong the Monkey King are chronicled in Journey to ... After the Jade Emperor excluded him from a royal banquet, a rebellious Wukong ate empress Xi Wangmu’s “Peaches of Immortality” and Lao Tzu’s “Pills of Longevity”. Some scholars believe this character may have originated from the first disciple of, The character of Sun Wukong, explicitly said to be the trickster of legend, plays a major role in the Dreamworks animated series. When the Jade Emperor looked for the source of the strange light, all he could see was a baby monkey. His full title, written as yǜ huáng shàng dì ( 玉皇上帝), means the “Pure August Emperor on High,” though this is seldom used. Wukong began to form alliances with other animal tribes, which caught the attention of the Jade Emperor, the monarch of the Taoist gods. The Jade Emperor was furious, and sent two battalions after the Monkey King. Sun Wukong's story has an impact on Taoism, which means living in harmony and balance. The heat also gives him a new ability; the Monkey King is now able to recognize evil with huǒyǎn-jīnjīng (火眼金睛) (lit. Seeing nothing there but five pillars, the Monkey King believes that he has reached the ends of universe. When not wielding the weapon, the Monkey King shrinks it down to the size of a sewing needle and stores it in his ear. The heavenly Jade Emperor tries to buy him off with a minor post, but the monkey isn’t satisfied. While one smell can grant 360 years of life, consuming one will grant another 47,000 years of life. Sun Wukong also serves as the inspiration for the character of the same name in RWBY. The book follows the story of a humble Buddhist monk named Tang Sanzang who travels from his home in Southern China to India in order to bring back holy texts and enlighten his countrymen. To the Taoist and Buddhists, they believed that this story actually happened in heaven and that the story means to acquire a spiritual path, to control your lower self and to awaken the realization of god's presence though today it is mostly a folklore. The Ruyi Jingu Bang (lit. Once he got there, however, Sun Wukong discovered he was assigned to the lowest task in all of Heaven: guarding the Jade Emperor’s horses. There, the Monkey King attained Buddhahood, becoming the "Victorious Fighting Buddha" (Dòu-zhànshèng-fó (鬥戰勝佛)), for his service and strength.[4]. After Tang started to walk away, however, Wukong quickly changed his mind. Sun Wukong is then very surprised to then find that the five "pillars" he found are merely fingers of the Buddha's hand, finding it impossible to believe. He issued an invitation to Wukong, who eagerly accepted. Listed in the order that they were acquired: In addition to the names used in the novel, the Monkey King has other names in different languages: Sun Wukong gained immortality through seven different means, all of which stacked up to make him one of the most immortal and invincible beings in all of creation. Wukong survives 49 days of the samadhi fire in Laozi's furnace and gains the ability to recognize evil. 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