Saudi Arabia, who had a vested interest in the war, provided the second largest army, followed by the UK and France. Discussed, primarily, will be symptoms reports by Persian Gulf War veterans and the possible reasons for these afflictions. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. What is the relationship of God and man in Oedipus... Who was Aeschylus in the Greek mythology? Persia, under the rule of Darius (r. 522-486 BCE), was already expanding into mainland Europe and had subjugated Ionia, Thrace, and Macedonia by the beginning of the 5th century BCE. The major economic impact of the Gulf War was perhaps on cleaning up the oil slicks, which cost a whopping $700 million to clean up. The Persian War was fought between the Persian Empire and Greece. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. iran iraq war causes and consequences 2030 Words | 9 Pages. The cities of Ionia were also liberated from Persian control. The wars with the Persians had a great effect on ancient Greeks. This war, just like any other war, had huge repercussions on the environment, economies of the countries involved as well as on the people, both commoners as well as war veterans. What was the Golden Age of Ancient Greece? What were the effects of the Persian Wars on Athens’ economy During the final phase of the war, Athens led the Delian league to which other cities contributed either ships of money. The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful empire in the world at the time of the Persian Wars. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. It owed a lot of money to various countries, including Kuwait. The Battles of the Persian War: Effects of the Persian War. The Persian War had serious consequences for both Greece and the area that today is the Middle East. There were two main reasons why Iraq invaded Kuwait. Sparta, Athens. With many more men and a despotic government going for the Persian side, it looked like a one-sided fight. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. For the Greeks, it established both Athens and Sparta as Greek powers, weilind unprecedented military might. In Greek art, there are many scenes of Greeks fighting Persians. The foremost being that Iraq was under huge economic debt due to the long Iran-Iraq War, which lasted from 1980 to 1988. It took until the middle of the following century to break the barrier. It was also called ‘Operation Desert Shield’ from August 2, 1990 – January 17, 1991, and ‘Operation Desert Storm’ from January 17, 1991 ― February 28, 1991, which was the combat phase. Though Operation Desert Storm was initiated and led by the U.S., it wasn’t the sole participant. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Finally, Greeks decided to write down their accounts of the war, creating the first true history in the world. What were Pericles' three goals for Athens. In early fifth century BC Greece, the Greeks consistently suffered from the threat of being conquered by the Persian Empire. The violent actions of Spartan leader Pausanias at the siege of Byzantium, for instance, alienated many of the Greek states from Spar… However, this made other cities jealous, leading to future wars with Sparta. Many other Greek cities began to form democracies. A barrier grew between the Near East and Greece, as a result of the Persian Wars. As it can be seen, the Gulf War adversely affected people, environment, and economies of all the nations involved. The war had a huge impact on the common people too. It is estimated that as many as 80 ships carrying oil and weapons were sunk into the Arabian gulf. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The Athens were destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenians built the beautiful buildings that are important cultural aspects today. In the 420s, for example, annual public spending on war was 39 tons of silver per year. Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq were the main producers and exporters of oil to the world. What were the two most powerful city-states in early Greece? The Best History Museums to Virtually Tour During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Virtual Reality Experiences That Let You See History Up Close, The Most Accurate Movies Based on History Worth Seeing, History of Accounting: From the Ancients to the Modern Day, Diamond History: How a Luxury Became a Common Fashion Accessory, Comanche History: The Tradition of Fighting, History of Tea: From Mythology to National Pastime. Due to the accumulation of solid wastes, groundwater contamination took place on a large scale. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The collision between the fractious political world of the Greeks and the enormous empire of the Persians began when Cyrus the Great conquered the Greek-inhabited region of Ionia in 547 BC. When we talk of the Persian Gulf War, Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait, followed by the United States’ elimination of the Iraqi presence in Kuwait ― both are included in it. The Persian Wars Eric D. Blanco Persia, known as Iran, was the largest empire the world had ever seen by the 5th century B.C.E. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age, The Peloponnesian War: History, Cause & Result, Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes, King Xerxes: Facts, Accomplishments & Death, How Geography & Climate Shaped Early Greek Life, Pericles of Athens: Facts, Achievements & Death, Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla, The Struggle of the Orders: Plebeians and Patricians, Praxis World & U.S. History - Content Knowledge (5941): Practice & Study Guide, CLEP Western Civilization I: Study Guide & Test Prep, CLEP Western Civilization II: Study Guide & Test Prep, ACCESS World History: Online Textbook Help, Praxis Elementary Education - Multiple Subjects (5001): Practice & Study Guide, History 100: Western Civilization from Prehistory to Post-WWII, Biological and Biomedical All rights reserved. After initial Persian victories, the Persians were eventually defeated, both at sea and on land. Cause & Effect in the Ionian Revolt Now, we will chart one of the main events that leads to the Persian Wars, again looking at cause and effect. Even after so many years, the countries that were directly involved are still trying to recover from the losses caused by the Persian Gulf War. In response to this fear, the Delian League was created so that if war were to come again, Greece would have the funds, resources, and soldiers to be prepared for any attack. There was a fear that if Iraq invaded both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, the world’s oil supply would entirely be in Iraqi hands. The soldiers who participated in the Gulf War displayed some unique characteristics, which are commonly referred to as “Gulf War illness” or “Gulf War Syndrome”. Iraq felt that Kuwait and Saudi Arabia were overproducing oil and due to this, oil prices were not able to stabilize at a high price. They had grown from just another city-state into an Empire. The Persian War . The Spartans mostly retreated behind their borders when the direct danger was over, in 478 BC. Led to the golden age of Greek culture Men of poorer classes insisted on full citizenship. One consequence of the Greco-Persian war was that from a historical stand point the world had new views divided into East and West. The atmosphere was the worst affected. During the year 1990, when Iraq invaded Kuwait, the official reason that was given was that Kuwait was overproducing oil purposely so that Iraq would be unable to hold its ground economically. Services, The Greco-Persian Wars: Causes, Effects & Events, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Causes and Effects of the Persian Wars Causes The Ionians Revolted In 499 BC, With the encouragement and help of Athens. The Athenian Acropolis was destroyed by the Persians, but the Athenian response was to build the beautiful … The Gulf War caused a lot of physical and emotional distress to war veterans. The Greek triumph ensured the survival of Greek culture and political structures long after the demise of the Persian empire. However, due to the rising oil prices and growth of the oil industry post the Persian Gulf War, Kuwait was able to make up for many of its economic losses. Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. The Greco-Persian Wars (also often called the Persian Wars) were a series of conflicts between the Achaemenid Empire and Greek city-states that started in 499 BC and lasted until 449 BC. Loss of the Persian War stopped Persian expansion into the Greek world. Title Page 23 Cause & Effect Cause--Effect--Together, we will chart a story on this page, looking at causes and effects. It was also believed that Iraq had developed chemical weapons, and thus, could be a threat to the entire world. After a couple decennia, the Thracians took back control and the Macedonians became independent. The name Iran derives from the word “Asyran,” and during the first half of the first millennium, the Iranian-speaking people moved gradually into the area of the Zagros Mountains, the largest groups known as the Medes and Persians. The Persians Empire gave up trying to impose peace on the Greek city-states and left them to return to their usual warfare amongst each other. This is where the second reason behind the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait arose. Its aftermath can still be felt in various countries. The Persians condemned the Greeks as invaidng terroists, and wanted to conquer Greece more than ever. The Persian War had serious consequences for both Greece and the area that today is the Middle East. There was huge air pollution caused by the fire and smoke, produced by explosives and weapons. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The causes of the Ionian revolt are especially hard to determine because the revolt was a short-term failure. In early 1991, the United States and many other countries felt that Saudi Arabia would be Iraq’s next target. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. To fight against the Persian invasion, the... See full answer below. 4. They controlled land that stretched from Egypt all the way to India. Athens flourished, the Delian league formed. Despite their successes, however, the spoils of war caused greater inner conflict within the Hellenic world. Between the years 500-479 BC, the Greeks and the Persians fought two wars. This Historyplex article puts forth some information about the outcome and effects of the Persian Gulf War. 5. There were two mainland invasions of Greece, in 490 (under King Darius) and 480–479 BCE (under King Xerxes). It had transformed itself during and after the Persian Wars and became a major trading and maritime power. The underlying cause of the war was the rapid rise of the Athenians. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Peloponnesian War. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! They were directing more money to war than to all other public activities combined. Thousands of people were killed, thousands were injured, and many were taken as war prisoners. The scenario was no different in the year 1990. Aftermath of the Persian Wars As a result of the allied Greek success, a large contingent of the Persian fleet was destroyed and all Persian garrisons were expelled from Europe, marking an end of Persia’s advance westward into the continent. After the War: All Greek city-states were weakened by the war; Many casualties; Farms were destroyed; The war made it difficult for the Greeks to trust each other and made future unification nearly impossible; Sparta tried their hand at ruling all of Greece but more rebellions resulted in more wars. Most of what we know about the Greco-Persian Wars comes from book(s) written by Herodotus, which details the various aspects of the war, the outcomes, and the cultural, political, and military consequences. Looking for … The Athenians praised the gods, mainly Zeus and Athena, for the winnings in the war. However, conflict started between the Greek poleis in Ionia and the Persian Empire before 499 BCE. From 490 to 479 BCE, the Persian Empire and the Greeks faced off in two wars that decided the history of Greece and had a massive impact on the development of Western civilization. I will then have the students compare diseases and unhealthy consequences of World War I, an early 20th century war, and the Persian Gulf War, a later 20th century war. Iraq attacked Kuwait and United States removed the Iraqis from Kuwait. As a result of the allied Greek success, a large contingent of the Persian fleet was destroyed and all Persian garrisons were expelled from Europe, marking an end of Persia’s advance westward into the continent. As a result, Athenian culture grew strong and today, we know much more about Athens than any other ancient Greek city. The pollution caused due to this barbarous act has left a huge impact on the environment and weather of the entire planet. To pay off the debt, it depended largely on the revenues gained from the export of crude oil. What were the consequences of the Persian Wars? Most found it easier to give money, so Athens was able to maintain a superior fleet and continue to extort the money even after peace was made with Persia. 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