+ea0lOskpSSmL3srbuscGtHdxgJKR/a8X/TV/wCeP70lK+14v+mr/wA8f3pKV9rxf9NX/nj+9JSv lKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz/2xz0lK+qf/AIlejf8Apvxf/PNaSnWSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJS AAAAAAABAAIDBAUGBwgJCgsQAAEEAQMCBAIFBwYIBQMMMwEAAhEDBCESMQVBUWETInGBMgYUkaGx Findings indicate that trafficked women from Nigeria mainly go to Europe for prostitution, especially Italy, Spain, Belgium, France and the Netherlands. • Vigorously investigate and prosecute trafficking cases and convict and sentence traffickers with adequate sentences. c9JSvqn/AOJXo3/pvxf/ADzWkp1klKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSk ReferenceStream TRAFFICKING PROFILE. Inches International trafficking in Nigeria is mainly concentrated in Edo state where families escape extreme poverty by sending a family member to Italy and other countries. NGOs, however, welcomed increased scrutiny by authorities of these age-claims, and authorities more often sent victims into child protection if unable to confirm adult age-status. 256 72.00 NGOs, prosecutors, and local officials praised the contribution of trained cultural mediators hired by the government or provided by government-funded NGOs, for their skill in communicating with migrants and victims. NGOs coordinated with law enforcement and immigration officials at both the arrival points and the longer-term reception centers. xmp.iid:C5F702CF5C20DF11A93FEF919D9AC581 ReferenceStream Uu3JxnENbawk6ABwJP4pKSpKUkpSSnJ6z/yj0L/04Wf+2OekpX1T/wDEr0b/ANN+L/55rSU6ySlJ 300.00 300.00 72.00 However, under the European Commission’s Dublin Regulation, countries may repatriate victims to the EU country of their arrival. In March 2018, Italian police launched a two-year program based in Egypt training 360 law enforcement officials from 22 African countries on immigration and border control, including combating human trafficking. 300.00 xNTk9KW1xdXl9VZmdoaWprbG1ub2N0dXZ3eHl6e3x9fn9xEAAgIBAgQEAwQFBgcHBgI7AQACEQMh Chinese criminal elements force victims to work in apartments and in massage parlors. 15 Trafficking Protocol, art 3. Victims originate primarily from Nigeria and other African countries, China, and Eastern Europe, and include ethnic Roma. NGOs cited shelters for unaccompanied minors were insufficient in number given the large need. NGOs, the EU, and the Catholic Church projected that the government’s September decree tightening the availability of humanitarian protections for certain asylum-seekers could result in increased trafficking risks for irregular migrants already residing in Italy. As reported over the past five years, Italy is a destination, transit, and source country for women, children, and men subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor. Children received counseling and enrolled in public schools with the support of mentors. SUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf8AlHoX/pws/wDbHPSUr6p/+JXo3/pv 300.00 uuid:1233577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 Of the millions of humans trafficked within Europe between 2012-2014, 51% were women, 20% girls, 21% men and 8% were boys. Availability of interpretation services for lesser-known African dialects, with victims coming from as many as 15 different language groups, remained a significant challenge. The Department of Equal Opportunity (DEO), which coordinates protection efforts, reported government-supported NGOs assisted 1,373 trafficking victims in 2018, of which 597 were new cases, compared to 1,354 trafficking victims assisted in 2017. ReferenceStream uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 Italy detains 10 Nigerians accused in human trafficking ring June 12, 2020 GMT ROME (AP) — Italian police have detained 10 Nigerians accused of running a human trafficking ring that allegedly used voodoo rituals and promises of jobs to lure migrants to Italy… uuid:1233577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 %PDF-1.6 %���� Many unaccompanied Nigerian minor victims misrepresented their age to gain placement in an adult reception center, giving greater freedom to leave the center unnoticed with their trafficker. 9rxf9NX/AJ4/vSUr7Xi/6av/ADx/ekpX2vF/01f+eP70lK+14v8Apq/88f3pKV9rxf8ATV/54/vS EeoOElJmYeO0S6tpcRtcQIBB8pKSlfYcSZFTRMTAiYiJj4JKZ10U0mamBsiDCSmOW292O9uNHqmN The 2003 Measures Against Trafficking in Persons law criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties of eight to 20 years’ imprisonment, which were sufficiently stringent and, with respect to sex trafficking, commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious offenses, such as rape. Current law required proof of exploitation in a criminal action against the perpetrator, which left victims and potential victims at risk of prosecution and conviction when a court did not first convict the perpetrators. Police arrested 99 suspected traffickers, compared to 133 in 2017. pJSklKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz/2xz0lK+qf/AIlejf8Apvxf/PNaSnWSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKS Of the trafficking victims NGOs assisted, 89 percent were victims of sex trafficking or exploitation, six percent labor trafficking, one percent forced begging, one percent forced criminality, and four percent other forms or unidentified. Upon identification by authorities during initial screening upon arrival, trafficking victims were eligible for shelter in specialized facilities and could extend their temporary residence permit if employed or enrolled in a job training program. AMvWf+w7v/SiSlfsP6v/APl6z/2Hd/6USUr9h/V//wAvWf8AsO7/ANKJKV+w/q//AOXrP/Yd3/pR Many of these victims are trapped refugees who do not have enough money to finish traveling across the Mediterranean Sea into Europe. Therefore Italy was downgraded to Tier 2. uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 300.00 xf8AzzWkp1klKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz The government did not implement a formal referral mechanism, for adults or for children, as recommended by GRETA and NGOs. The DEO, as coordinator of the interagency steering committee on trafficking, was responsible for drafting the national action plan. AAIRAxEAPwDrfqx9WPq3kfVvpN9/ScG223Bxn2WPxqnOc51TC5znFkkkpKdL/mn9Vf8Aym6f/wCw /wDpNJSv+af1V/8AKbp//sLT/wCk0lK/5p/VX/ym6f8A+wtP/pNJSv8Amn9Vf/Kbp/8A7C0/+k0l Trial courts and appellate courts convicted 46 traffickers under the trafficking law, compared to 28 in 2017, and the government also investigated 340 persons under Article 600 for slavery, compared to 412 in 2017, and indicted 119, with 81 convictions, compared to 108 convictions in 2017. Asylum-seekers may legally work beginning two months after filing their application, although many seek illegal employment immediately in informal sectors, increasing their vulnerability to trafficking. The government did not require victims to cooperate with law enforcement to obtain assistance and a residence permit, although NGOs and international organizations reported authorities did not consistently implement this policy and sometimes gave preference to those who cooperated. SklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf8AlHoX/pws/wDbHPSUr6p/+JXo Nigeria is a source, transit, and destination country for women and children subjected to trafficking in persons including forced labor and forced prostitution. SklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf8AlHoX/pws/wDbHPSUr6p/+JXo3/pvxf8A The government cooperated with NGOs and international organizations to provide shelter and services to victims. To avoid this delay, non-specialized investigators and prosecutors sometimes charged perpetrators with crimes other than trafficking. To reduce the flow of migrants from Libya, Italy continued training operations with the Libyan Coast Guard, and provided additional patrol vessels, as did other EU member states. 90% of migrant women arriving into Italy from Libya arrive with bruises and other signs of violence. The government maintained prevention efforts. Operatives of the Ogun State Police Command have arrested a 35-year-old human trafficking kingpin, Comfort Innocent, for alleged abduction and trafficking of two under-aged girls. Local authorities and NGOs continued to distribute brochures, posters, bumper stickers, and media advertisements providing information on victim assistance. lKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz/2xz0lK+qf/AIlejf8Apvxf/PNaSnWSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJS Bl3I/tJKdVJSklKSUpJTk9Z/5R6F/wCnCz/2xz0lK+qf/iV6N/6b8X/zzWkp1klKSUpJSklKSUpJ SUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf8AlHoX/pws/wDbHPSUr6p/ q/8Alz0//wBiqf8A0okpX/Oz6q/+XPT/AP2Kp/8ASiSlf87Pqr/5c9P/APYqn/0okpX/ADs+qv8A The government had not appointed a rapporteur. • Ensure victims who would face hardship or retribution in returning to their home country have the legal status and right to remain in Italy. Article 600 of the penal code criminalized placing or holding a person in slavery or servitude and prescribed the same penalties. proof:pdf Traffickers frequently target unaccompanied children, including boys forced to work in shops, bars, restaurants, bakeries, or in forced begging. f/7C0/8ApNJSv+af1V/8pun/APsLT/6TSUr/AJp/VX/ym6f/AOwtP/pNJSv+af1V/wDKbp//ALC0 • Improve and fully implement the national referral mechanism for trafficking victims across the country, including for vulnerable children, which should consider the special circumstances and needs of child victims. Inches For nearly three decades, a thriving sex-trafficking industry has been operating between Nigeria and Italy. JSv+av1f/wC4TPvd/wCSSUr/AJq/V/8A7hM+93/kklK/5q/V/wD7hM+93/kklLt+q/QGuDm4bAQZ uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 adqHNbMy0Fpgw3btJb+9Mz2SUkx29WGQ37U9hqG6dgGsgbZnUQZSU3klKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz/wBs JSv2H9X/APy9Z/7Du/8ASiSlfsP6v/8Al6z/ANh3f+lElK/Yf1f/APL1n/sO7/0okpX7D+r/AP5e However, by the end of 2017, an estimated 32 percent of unaccompanied children had left the centers voluntarily, which greatly increased their vulnerability to trafficking. 300.00 �F��k4j�k�A�"Y�6ch��H��h:�J?w^h��l�"P��J�o}�*�J�N��8^�d�V��E`�H��H�b�1� ��� "� �D(A���J�XE�"�?$IxN����@\ �d,�OV��"A�`������a�p�e���Aj:�H}F���Aҟ�C�w���g�n�y�mU��9��֟�4?ÞĢއ�M�����,8�U��7��F����=g�+���d��. The government continued accepting a small number of pre-screened potential victims of trafficking, via UNHCR-approved “humanitarian corridors,” some via direct flights from Libya and Niger. 2010-05-20T15:38:34+02:00 Italy has an estimated 1.5 million unregistered workers, who were particularly vulnerable to labor trafficking. Of the 61,000 persons requesting asylum in 2018, authorities estimate up to 30 percent are vulnerable to sex or labor trafficking while waiting for adjudication of their petition. P/xK9G/9N+L/AOea0lOskpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSnJ6z adobe:docid:indd:a43e14b6-b8e3-11de-9018-8f3c40aa43d1 /mr9X/8AuEz73f8AkklK/wCav1f/AO4TPvd/5JJSv+av1f8A+4TPvd/5JJSv+av1f/7hM+93/kkl EhMTExIYFBIUFBQUEhQUGx4eHhsUJCcnJyckMjU1NTI7Ozs7Ozs7Ozs7AQ0LCxAOECIYGCIyKCEo KUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSnJ6z/yj0L/ANOFn/tjnpKV9U//ABK9G/8ATfi/ 300.00 xmp.did:C5F702CF5C20DF11A93FEF919D9AC581 Consistently assess risks and provide legal protections to all potential victims prior to any forced returns or expulsions, including where such persons have entered Italian territorial waters, and during operations assisted by the Italian government in Libyan search and rescue areas. uuid:1233577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 NGOs reported inconsistent quality standards of assistance programs across regions. The government decreased law enforcement efforts. 064a06b2-bfa4-11de-9cf8-b426a03d0e2f xf8AzzWkp1klKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf+Uehf+nCz SUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSU5PWf8AlHoX/pws/wDbHPSUr6p/+JXo3/pv Italian police have detained 10 Nigerians accused of running a human trafficking ring, Police say recruiters in Nigeria used voodoo rituals and promises of jobs to lure migrants to Italy klKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJTk9Z/5R6F/wCnCz/2xz0lK+qf/iV6N/6b8X/zzWkp1klK Efforts to combat trafficking in human beings focus on the cooperation among law enforcement agencies, in particular on a bilateral level, in the field of organised crime and irregular migration. lek+QrhJTKrDyGWssfmW2BhksIYA7QjXa0eKSm2kpSSnJ6z/AMo9C/8AThZ/7Y56SlfVP/xK9G/9 According to the latest report of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the number of potential human trafficking victims arriving in Italy by sea has increased by more than 600 per cent over the last three years, soaring from 1,500 in 2014 to more than 11,000 in 2016. JSv+af1V/wDKbp//ALC0/wDpNJSv+af1V/8AKbp//sLT/wCk0lK/5p/VX/ym6f8A+wtP/pNJSv8A • Intensify efforts to effectively screen for labor trafficking victims through increased inspections and improved training of labor inspectors to spot trafficking indicators and refer victim for services. (According to Italian authorities, there are between 10,000 to 30,000 Nigerian women working in prostitution on the streets of Italy.) 300.00 30 July 2020: Trafficking in Persons remains one of the crimes that severely affect the West and Central Africa region. The Government of Italy does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. /9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAgEASABIAAD/7QAsUGhvdG9zaG9wIDMuMAA4QklNA+0AAAAAABAASAAAAAEA Inches The government allotted €11.1 million ($12.73 million), in addition to €11.9 million ($13.65 million) from the European Commission, for initiatives aimed at preventing and fighting labor exploitation and combating illicit labor brokers. MRIEQVFhcSITBTKBkRShsUIjwVLR8DMkYuFygpJDUxVjczTxJQYWorKDByY1wtJEk1SjF2RFVTZ0 L/04Wf8AtjnpKV9U/wDxK9G/9N+L/wCea0lOskpSSlJKa2d07C6lW2rOqFzGu3Na6RBiJ0I8UlNL The government also offered a single payment of €1,500 ($1,720) to victims, although NGOs noted the application procedure was overly complex and the amount insufficient. OFn/ALY56SlfVP8A8SvRv/Tfi/8AnmtJTrJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJK tP8A6TSUr/mn9Vf/ACm6f/7C0/8ApNJSv+af1V/8pun/APsLT/6TSUr/AJp/VX/ym6f/AOwtP/pN Victims originate primarily from Nigeria and other African countries, China, and Eastern Europe, and include ethnic Roma. ZeLys4TD03Xj80aUpIW0lcTU5PSltcXV5fVWZnaGlqa2xtbm9ic3R1dnd4eXp7fH1+f3/9oADAMB 72.00 Comfort Innocent, has confessed that she trafficked teenagers from Nigeria to Italy through the crisis-ridden Libya for prostitution. To reduce the Mediterranean migrant flow, government policy barred NGO rescue ships carrying migrants from the Libyan search and rescue waters from docking at Italian ports. Inches IOM also trained reception center staff on victim identification. Inches uuid:fe30814f-90d4-41a5-b181-1c040a0d8d51 Specialized anti-mafia units handled trafficking prosecutions. In a notable case during the reporting year, a court in Palermo sentenced a Nigerian defendant in December to life in prison for sex trafficking, by bringing victims from Libya, and for other crimes committed at an illegal migration camp inside Libya. uuid:1233577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 Inches Inches endstream endobj 288 0 obj <> endobj 379 0 obj <> endobj 284 0 obj <> endobj 285 0 obj <> endobj 377 0 obj <> endobj 375 0 obj <> endobj 349 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/Properties<>>>/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 290 0 obj <> endobj 350 0 obj <> endobj 351 0 obj <> endobj 352 0 obj [353 0 R] endobj 353 0 obj <> endobj 355 0 obj <> endobj 354 0 obj <> endobj 357 0 obj <>stream /Kbp/wD7C0/+k0lK/wCaf1V/8pun/wDsLT/6TSUr/mn9Vf8Aym6f/wCwtP8A6TSUr/mn9Vf/ACm6 In 2009, Italy signed agreements with third countries including Algeria, Nigeria and Libya. Last Updated: 12th June, 2020 18:36 IST Italy Detains 10 Nigerians Accused In Human Trafficking Ring Italian police have detained 10 Nigerians accused of running a human trafficking ring that allegedly used voodoo rituals and promises of jobs to lure migrants to Italy, where they were put to work as prostitutes. ReferenceStream According to the government, 3,534 unaccompanied children arrived in 2018, mostly boys and the majority from Africa, a significant decline from 15,731 arriving in 2017 and 25,846 in 2016. In 2018, officials inspected 116,846 sites, of which 7,146 were agricultural, and identified 33,800 unregistered workers, of which 1,332 were illegal migrants. She added that she had been in the trade for a long time. Women and children are trafficked mainly from Nigeria, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, Albania, and Ukraine but also from Russia, South America, North and East Africa, the Middle East, China, and Uzbekistan. Despite government commitments and efforts to crack down on trafficking rings in Italy, there was a decline in the number of trafficking arrests and investigations compared to the previous reporting period. ReferenceStream Other significant destinations include the Netherlands and Spain, and, to a lesser degree, Germany, Belgium, Austria, and the United Kingdom. • Consolidate data among different ministries and agencies that gather it, and make public a database on investigations, prosecutions, and convictions, including sentencing data. • Improve security standards in and around reception centers to limit contact between traffickers and victims or potential victims. Labor traffickers operate in agriculture, predominantly in southern Italy, and in construction, household labor, hospitality, and restaurants mainly in the north. Many experts believe the trade in women started in … The government did not maintain a consolidated database on investigations, prosecutions, convictions, and sentencing of traffickers, or of their victims, a deficiency noted by GRETA. uuid:1133577C491DDF11AE92A0F55FC5F254 ReferenceStream By Ernest Nwokolo, Abeokuta A 35 – year-old human trafficking kingpin, Mrs. 3/pvxf8AzzWkp1klOD9Z+s29LdiV13DGrs9W6+0tDiKqWtlrAZ9xdY3skp5rD+tvUs/qVOLjevSb /wBsc9JTm/Vj6z/VvH+rfSaL+rYNVtWDjMsrfk1Nc1zamBzXNL5BBSU6X/Oz6q/+XPT/AP2Kp/8A Italy received 23,370 irregular arrivals by sea in 2018 and just more than half (12,977) via Libya, where many reported experiencing extortion, torture, and rape by militias or traffickers while awaiting passage.

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